Children with cystic fibrosis who are able to recover from below-normal growth in their first two years are more likely to achieve normal growth and better lung function by 12 years of age, a study shows.

The research, “Early life growth patterns persist for 12 years and impact pulmonary outcomes in cystic fibrosis,” was published in the Journal of Cystic Fibrosis.

Scientists have long known there is a link between young CF patients’ ability to respond to nutrition and their lung condition. The clinical trials Responder I, II and III have been exploring the benefits that children with CF attain when they respond well to nutrition.