Eosinophilic COPD with severely impaired lung function was associated with a high risk for pneumonia hospitalizations, according to the results of a study published in the European Respiratory Journal.

Signe Vedel-Krogh, PhD, from the Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark, and colleagues investigated whether or not high blood eosinophil counts are associated with a high risk for pneumonia in individuals with severe COPD.

They analyzed data from 7180 individuals with COPD, including 643 with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) <50% of the predicted value from the Copenhagen General Population Study from 2003 to 2011. All primary discharge diagnoses of pneumonia during follow-up were recorded.