Lung ultrasound outperforms conventional radiology in the emergency diagnosis of pneumothorax and pleural effusions. In the pediatric age, lung ultrasound has been also successfully applied to the fluid-to-air transition after birth and to rapid pneumonia diagnosis.

Nasal ventilation has dramatically decreased the need for invasive mechanical respiratory support. This study demonstrates that, after a short trial on nasal continuous positive airway pressure, lung ultrasonography reliably predicts the failure of noninvasive ventilation unlike the conventional chest radiogram.