A review finds that neurological disorders can cause respiratory and sleep disorders, according to HCP Live.

Abdul Ghani Sankri-Tarbichi, Sleep Research Laboratory, John D. Dingell Veterans Affairs, Wayne State University, reviewed patient-centered care and interventions for diseases of the brain and the spinal cord. The review was published in JSciMed, in Clinical Research in Pulmonology.

Neurological disorders can cause both respiratory and sleep disorders. For example, ischemic stroke is associated with sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and obstructive apnea. There may be a “bidirectional relationship between stroke and SDB which can be a modifiable risk factor.” Additionally, recent studies seem to show that most acute stroke patients benefit from continuous positive airway pressure treatment (CPAP) because they have sleep apnea.

Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) often have disordered sleeping. As many as 70% have nocturnal hypoxia. Researchers do not know the connection between TBI and disordered sleep, but have observed that TBI “increases the susceptibility of the brain to hypoxia including prolonged apnea.”

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