According to research published in JAMA Pediatrics, the majority of young people with diagnosed nicotine use disorder do not receive counseling or nicotine replacement therapy.

The researchers identified nearly 3.5 million patients, 3.8% of whom had NUD. Of these patients, 81,144 were youths. Few adolescents and young adults received counseling for NUD (4.1%), and just 1.3% received nicotine replacement therapy or other pharmacologic therapies. Only 0.1% (n = 110) received both counseling and medications to treat NUD.