Infection is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) even years after the patient’s hospitalization, reports Physician’s Briefing.

The researchers found that sepsis and pneumonia in adulthood (resulting in hospital admission) are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the years following infection. While the first year after infection has the highest risk (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 6.33), an increased risk persists for the second (aHR, 2.47) and third year (aHR, 2.12) after infection.

While lessening with time, the risk remains raised for at least five years after infection (aHR, 1.87). The results include adjustments for characteristics in childhood, cardiovascular risk factors, and adolescent medical history. Coronary heart disease and stroke have similar statistically significant associations.