In preterm infants with respiratory distress starting within six?hours of life, CPAP failure rates were similar with jet continuous positive airway pressure (J-CPAP-variable flow) and bubble continuous positive airway pressure (B-CPAP).

According to the study, which was published in the Journal of Perinatology, of 170 neonates, CPAP failure rates within 72?hours were similar in infants who received J-CPAP (29%) and B-CPAP (21%).

Mean time to CPAP failure was 59?hours in the Jet CPAP group in comparison with 65?hours in the Bubble CPAP group.