Studies have shown an inverse relationship between asthma symptoms and intake of fish and specific vegetables, according to the September issue of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology.

In a study led by Leda Chatzi, MD, PhD, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece, a cross-sectional analysis was performed on 460 children aged 6-1/2, using a questionnaire filled out by their parents supplying dietary information.

Results of skin pricks tests indicated that high consumption of fruity vegetables such as tomatoes, eggplants, cucumber, green beans and zucchini was found to have beneficial effect on current wheeze and atopy.

No other fruits or vegetables were significantly associated with wheeze or atopy prevalence. An inverse association was also found between a fish intake of 60 gr per day or more and atopy.

The associations remained significant after adjustment for energy intake and maternal diet during pregnancy. The research supports potential benefits of fruity vegetable and fish consumption during childhood against wheeze and atopy respectively, the study concluded.

To read the abstract, click here.