Smoking, not HIV status, appears to be strongly related to cardiovascular risk and multimorbidity among individuals with HIV, according to recent findings.

The researchers found the rates of multimorbidity were 26% in the population-based CoLaus Study, 13% in the primary care-based FIRE cohort and 27% in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study cohort. Compared with non-smoking participants in CoLaus study, the incidence of CVD was increased among smokers but was independent of HIV status.