Asthma and uncontrolled asthma are associated with a 38% increased risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AFib), according to new research published in JAMA Cardiology.

“Asthma, a chronic inflammatory airway disease, and atrial fibrillation [AFib] share several common pathophysiological mechanisms,” wrote first author Aivaras Cepelis, MSci, of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim, and colleagues. “Research on the association between asthma and atrial fibrillation is lacking, and to our knowledge, no previous studies have assessed the dose-response association between levels of asthma control and [AFib].”

Cepelis and colleagues reviewed and analyzed data of more than 54,000 individuals in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT).